What is coastal lighting? Many coastal lighting styles feature nautical looks: clean, simple lines combined with weathered, rust or metallic finishes. If it makes you think of a submarine or a lighthouse, it has nautical elements. From outdoor lighting to mini pendant designs, nautical-inspired styles always work well in coastal homes.

What kind of light goes over an island? Pendant lights – By far, pendant lights are the most popular picks for a kitchen island. Pendants are naturally strong task lighters, because their bulbs are oriented to shine directly down. Plus, their long cables extend from the ceiling, thus bringing the light source even closer to the action.

What is Art Deco lighting? Characterized by symmetrical patterns and geometric details, Art Deco lighting employs a variety of finishes to create a distinctive and futuristic effect. You’ll find tiered, elongated architectural forms featuring everything from skyscraper shades to stepped finials.

How big should pier light be? To determine the size of your post lighting fixture, the pier mount light should be about a quarter of the pole height. So, if the length of your mounting pole were 20 inches, you would want a fixture which is approximately five inches.


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What is coastal lighting? – Additional Questions

Should all your outdoor lights match?

Matching garage lights to porch lights is really up to you, the homeowner. It all depends on what style or look you’re going for on your home’s exterior. But matching isn’t just about the exact style; you could match exterior light fixtures of similar materials, colors, and size.

What color should outdoor lights be?

Warm White (2700K).

Similar to halogen-type landscape lighting, it is the most preferred color temperature for landscape lighting. Psychologically, it is thought to be more welcoming and soothing compared to higher color temperatures.

How do you calculate pier size?

To determine the load of a deck pier, you must take half the length of the joist span multiplied by half the length of the beam span (measured from pier to pier). This number is then multiplied by 50, which is the 40 psf live load, 10 psf dead load mentioned earlier.

How big are foundation piers?

The diameter of piers is usually 6 in, 8 in, 10in, 16in. The depth of pier foundation is below the freezing depth.

How wide is a pier?

A pier or wharf can be a maximum of 6-feet wide. The pier or wharf can have up to an 8-foot wide “T” or “L” platform at the waterward end of the 6-foot wide pier. Width is the shortest horizontal distance.

How do you size a concrete footer?

To determine the size of the footing, a simple formula is used: Structural Load (lbs) / Soil Capacity (psf) = Footing Surface Area Required (sq. ft.)

Is rebar required in footings?

Including rebar in a concrete footing means that you can reduce the risk of the concrete being pushed and pulled apart – cracking – from ground force pressures. Knowing this, it is generally a good idea to use rebar in footings for any structure. However, it is not required in many cases.

Should you put gravel under footing?

You do need gravel under a concrete slab, footing, or patio. Gravel provides a solid foundation for your concrete as it can be compacted. It also improves drainage, preventing water from pooling beneath the concrete.

How far below ground should the top of a footing be?

The bottom of the footing should be at least 450emm deep to prevent frost heave.

How deep can a trench fill foundation be?

Strip foundations should be 150mm to 500mm thick. Trench fill foundations should be greater than 500mm thick.

What type of foundation is best for high water table?

Foundation footings and basement slabs should sit above the water table so that groundwater will not put pressure on the foundation or cause a dampness problem. On a site with a high water table, you may prefer to build a shallow foundation, or bring in fill to raise the grade.

How thick should a concrete footer be?

3. Thickness shall be at least 8” thick. However, if the projection (P) is > 6”, the thickness shall be equal to P. Note: Where minimum footing width is 12-inches, a single Wythe of solid or fully grouted 12-inch concrete masonry units is permitted to be used.

Does a concrete slab need footings?

A concrete slab foundation needs footings in order to: Provide support to the walls of the building built on the foundation. Resist heaving and shifting due to freeze/thaw cycles. Prevent water runoff from undermining the slab.

How much weight can a concrete footing hold?

To calculate the load, you should use 40lbs per square foot for live loads (these are variable loads that are dynamic such as the weight of people and furniture) and 15 lbs per square foot for dead loads (this is the weight of the materials used for the construction of the deck) for a total load weight of 55 lbs per

What is the standard footing size?

Under every house is a foundation, and under most foundations are footings. Most of the time we take footings for granted, and usually we can: For typical soils, a common 16- or 20-inch-wide footing can more than handle the relatively light weight of an ordinary house.

What is the minimum depth for a footing?

Depth of Footings

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Footings should extend to a minimum depth of 12 inches below previously undisturbed soil. Footings also must extend at least 12 inches below the frost line (the depth to which the ground freezes in winter) or must be frost-protected.

What kind of concrete is used for footings?


A multi-purpose concrete that is used on a wide range of commercial and domestic construction sites. C25 is often used as a foundation concrete mix when pouring foundations (footings). It is also the ideal concrete for domestic slab foundations for house and bungalow floors.

How much weight can a foundation hold?

Foundations are designed to support up to 400 pounds for smaller and split sizes and up to 800 pounds for Queen sizes and larger.

How much weight can a 4 inch thick concrete slab hold?

A 4-inch thick concrete can support upto 40 pounds of weight. Weight should not exceed 40 lbs/sq ft on an undetermined 4-inch slab. 80 lb/sq ft in isolated areas is fine, but unless you know what the soil bearing and reinforcing is for that slab, you might be looking at cracking.

How much weight can a pier and beam foundation support?

The number and size of the piers depends on how much weight the underlying soil can hold. The standard design load in the International Residential Code assumes a 40-pound live load; dead load is commonly calculated at between 10 and 15 pounds per square foot, depending on the materials used for construction.

How much weight can a pier and beam floor support?

Most residential floors are default designed for 40-50 lbs per square foot, unless more is planned for. You have 60 PSF of dead load and 7 PSF of live load assuming the booth floor spreads the live load over the whole 36 square feet.

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